This War Studies Advanced Program will examine the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention and peacekeeping operations through close study of the 1995 effort to end the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

War Studies Advanced Programs are open only to alumni of the basic War Studies course. These sessions are offered in the winter and summer, and focus either on a national security challenge or on a historical conflict. Learn more about the War Studies Program.

Images courtesy U.S. Air ForceU.S. Marine Corps

Frederick Kagan on war & human nature


James M. Dubik

LTG James M. Dubik (U.S. Army, Ret.) is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for the Study of War and a Professor at Georgetown University’s Security Studies Program. General Dubik has extensive operational experience in Iraq, Afghanistan, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Bosnia, Haiti, Panama, Honduras, and in many NATO countries.

Frederick W. Kagan

Frederick W. Kagan is a Senior Instructor with the Hertog War Studies Program at the Institute for the Study of War. The author of the 2007 report “Choosing Victory: A Plan for Success in Iraq,” he is one of the intellectual architects of the successful “surge” strategy in Iraq. He is the director of AEI’s Critical Threats Project.

Kimberly Kagan

Kimberly Kagan is a Senior Instructor with the Hertog War Studies Program and founder and president of the Institute for the Study of War. She is a military historian who has taught at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Yale, Georgetown, and American University.

Preview the Syllabus by Week/Session

On the Ground in Yugoslavia:


U.S. Context:

The Theoretical Basis for Humanitarian Intervention:


Perception Drives Action, What Drives Perception?:


Air Campaign:

  • Robert C. Owens, Deliberate Force: A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning, Chapter 2 and 4-5, Chapter 3 is optional
    • Why was Deliberate Force an “intervention” when previous military activities in Yugoslavia were not?
    • When did planning for Deliberate Force begin? (warning: this is a trick question!)
    • How were coalition forces organized to plan and conduct military operations?
    • What effects did that organization have on plans and conduct?ow was Deliberate Force planned?  Think hard about Warden’s concepts and look for their application.
    • What were the things preoccupying military leaders before and during the operation?
    • How did those preoccupations align or contrast with the concerns of the diplomats and political leaders?
    • Was Deliberate Force successful?

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